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Decompression Sickness – What Is It & How Is It Treated

What exactly is decompression illness (DCI)?

The common term for decompression illness is the “bends” and DCI covers both DCS or decompression sickness and CAGE or Cerebral Arterial Gas Embolism. The “bends” is a condition primarily associated with scuba divers, such as those who work on oil rigs. However, the “bends” can also affect astronauts, high altitude pilots and people who work in controlled (or uncontrolled) environments where compressed air is used.

While it is not completely understood, the cause of the bends seems to be a sudden or incorrect decompression or rapid ascent from very deep water.

What happens to the body?

When a diver descend into the watery depths, pressure increases around them. This, in turn, increases the oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen in bodily tissues. We can readily absorb oxygen and our lungs efficiently excrete carbon dioxide but nitrogen is another matter.

The body needs time to excrete nitrogen through the lungs and if the diver ascends too quickly without regular decompression stops, nitrogen bubbles are created and potentially released, thereby blocking blood flow or cutting off oxygen to the brain and other body parts.

This can cause paralysis, severe pain in the joints, nerve damage, and even death. It is not simply that the inert gas bubbles are dangerous but their size and location and the body’s ability (or lack of ability) to get rid of them which causes physiological damage.

Decompression Sickness Symptoms

When the body collects too many gas bubbles, breathing will be affected and the condition should be considered life-threatening – it could result in the fatal collapse of the respiratory system.

The general symptoms of decompression sickness include breathlessness, acceleration of the rate of breathing, coughing and chest pains. There are many other symptoms such as:

  • weakness or fatigue
  • vomiting, nausea
  • itching, rash
  • cutis marmorata (blue or purple “marbling” on the skin)
  • diarrhoea, abdominal cramps
  • coughing
  • chest pains
  • muscle, joint pain or numbness
  • confusion, memory loss
  • headache
  • lack of coordination, dizziness
  • ringing in ears, hearing loss
  • lower limb paralysis
  • unconsciousnessEven if the person doesn’t exhibit obvious symptoms, DCI needs to be considered if the diver has been subjected to the relevant risks.


    First aid for decompression illness should be given as soon as possible. Such treatment could include:

  • giving 100% oxygen, using a tightly-fitting mask
  • laying the diver horizontal to help prevent the bubbles going to the brain, keeping them comfortable
  • putting the person in the recovery position if they lose consciousness
  • giving fluids orally, but only if the person is able to take them unaided
  • covering person with blanket or thermal shield to protect from hypothermia
  • seeking medical help as soon as possible as recompression is the only effective treatment (but not in-water recompression)Recompression

    A diver suffering DCI is usually treated with recompression, meaning they are placed inside a hyperbaric chamber which is pressurized to that equal to a sea depth of either 59 ft. or 98.5 ft. Using a mask or something like a plastic helmet, the person breathes pure oxygen for a set length of time, interspersed with “airbreaks” of 5 to 15 minutes. Known as treatment tables, the length of the treatments are usually between 2 and 5 hours but could be longer if DCI is severe.

    The treatment tables are set by a trained doctor after an assessment of the diver’s medical and dive histories and neurological tests checking coordination, balance, sensation and strength. This could also include measuring breathing and heart rates and perhaps an ECG and/or X-ray, and blood tests.

    Hyperbaric Medicine

    Hyperbaric means “greater than ambient pressure” and hyperbaric medicine is treatment that uses oxygen at pressure higher than the normal atmosphere. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) is used for decompression illness to physically reduce the size of the bubbles as well as promote the elimination of excessive dissolved gas and bubbles from a diver’s body.There are other medical conditions for which hyperbaric oxygen treatment is also used, some of which are:

    • severe anemia
    • abscess of the brain
    • air bubbles in blood vessels
    • burns
    • CO2 poisoning
    • crush injuries
    • sudden deafness
    • gangrenous or infected tissue (skin or bone)
    • wounds that won’t heal (diabetic ulcers)
    • injury from radiation
    • sudden but painless loss of vision

    There are other illnesses or conditions for which HBOT may be used but evidence is insufficient to support claims of success.

    Those involved in HBOT will have had hyperbaric chamber training and could be qualified as a hyperbaric technician or dive medic.

    For more information on hyperbaric oxygen training certification, go to

Using Forums for Marketing

There are different types of forums, beyond the obvious topical types, of “marketing” or “special interest”, etc. “Marketing” and “special interest” are two types of what are commonly referred to as “open forums”. You can use any kind of forum for viral marketing using forums, but it does require some care and consideration.

There are business and professional forums, which do not operate under the same rules and, more often than not, disallow any and all types of advertising or self-promotion. Forums that have been created to support the membership of a particular program are especially adamant on this topic and often demand that all members refrain from all types if advertising on their sites.

Still, even with all these hurdles, it is possible to successfully advertise in forums. In all cases a pre-requisite for success is developing a good reputation and a good relationship and maintaining both. So, while it is true that this a form of free advertising, it does require a certain amount of investment as far as time and energy are concerned, not to mention subtly and finesse. Care to Learn more? check out the opportunities that are available to you at

Affordable HTML Design at Aron’s Websites

Many small businesses spend thousands of dollars for a professionally designed website. You of course would have the option to build your own website, but we would not recommend that for many reasons.

There is a low cost alternative option for you to open your doors to the Internet Super Highway. You can have a professional 5 page website for only $799! It also comes with domain based email accounts. WordPress websites are also available if you choose.

There are three standard Package Prices available for your website design needs.  In addition to three standard, I will be happy to customize a price and plan to fit your needs and budget.  Please contact Aron’s Websites for your questions and additional information.

Organic Latex Baby Mattresses

Off gassing is one of the biggest reasons that most parents seek out a more natural solution to their children’s bedding. More than ever, parents are reading about the side effects caused by exposure to the toxic chemicals used in foam mattresses. Stunningly, there are many toxic ingredients used in the process of making foam mattresses. The men and women that make foam mattresses risk their lungs and their lives making

Many people become confused when they’re presented with latex mattresses. Often times they seem to believe that latex isn’t a natural substance, it is. Rubber is harvested in much the same way as you harvest maple syrup. The serum or sap is gathered from a tree and is quite organic in nature. organic latex mattresses are a much healthier solution for your child.

A newborn child spends the better half of an entire day laying in their crib or bassinet. If your infant has their face right next to a foam mattress, then he or she is inevitably breathing in whatever chemicals their foam mattresses are off gassing. The amount of chemicals used in flame retardant for it to pass open flame standards is significant. Avoid that problem with an organic latex baby mattress by sleep made to measure.

Generate Passive Income More Easily

Whenever you make an investment of any kind to generate passive income, you’ll want to make sure you are focusing on low risk items. There should be little to no investment up front and when you use it, it will become on of the easiest passive income ideas you have available.

Your bank is a smart passive income opportunity you have. Take the time to save money and place it into a high yield savings account. This means you need to keep transferring money into it and that you need to maintain a certain balance. Determine the requirements of your bank. This will help you to earn a little extra money each month, in addition to the home based business ideas that you are using.

A rental income is another great choice. All you need to do is pick up a property for dirt cheap, such as a foreclosure, and ensure it is livable for tenants. Then open a high interest savings account and place your rental payments in it for a year. The monthly rent should cover the monthly mortgage and insurance for the property, plus give you 15% to stick into the savings account. You can keep adding these funds each month into the account and use the balance you build when something happens. You can then write off these repairs later on and ultimately create a lucrative business as you continue to add new properties. There are many ways to generate passive income. Find out more at

An Inground Pool? You Decide

pool-time-1436099Having an inground pool is a big decision and not one to make lightly. Yet, with that in mind, there is an abundance of benefits to having a swimming pool. Take into consideration the aesthetic beauty that a pool can bring you. Nothing is as calming as the effects of water. You don’t even have to be swimming to appreciate the calming effects that rippling water brings to you. It’s not uncommon to see pools in western New York. Pools have become a popular addition to most homes. You can not only have a landscaper work with you to design the pool of your dreams, you can also build one to size that will flow with the design of your home.

A swimming pool can aid in healthy activities that your entire family can take advantage of. The act of swimming can build muscle; while the weightlessness of the water can soothe and help with arthritis as well as aches and pains from injury. Most doctors recommend water therapy for most injuries. It’s also a proven fact that swimming relieves stress! Relaxing in a pool after a long tiring day at work can relieve tension and strain.

Another great reason for having inground pools is family time. What better way to get your kids away from the, present, electronics and outside for some much-needed exercise, than your own pool. In the summer months, most family gatherings take place poolside. Not only will your friends and family enjoy keeping cool from the heat of a summer day, but tempers are less likely to flair from your guests being too hot. Uncomfortable temperatures can cause irritation and cranky guests aren’t fun in the least. A swimming pool can truly change the way your home looks and feels. Small or large a pool can add charm, entice your family and friends, and be the crowning glory of any backyard.

For more information or to get an estimate for your western New York in ground swimming pool, visit us on the web at

Car Upholstery Cleaning in Nottingham?

limosine-1450334It’s a sad testament to our country that the UK is known for its dirty vehicles. Car care has fallen to a new low in the UK according to multiple reports put out by car companies. In fact, in surveys, many UK car owners own up to having found food or food wrappers under the seat of their car on more than one occasion. That in and of itself can be unhealthy for car owners and the people who ride with them.

That said, it’s sometimes necessary to eat in our cars and to he honest, it’s something that everyone does. When getting from here to there that can be the best time to grab a healthy snack.

Not to mention, we’re all leading a very busy lifestyle, so even taking a meal in the car isn’t out of the ordinary for many of us. Getting the kids to school and to soccer and to anywhere else they need to be takes time. Eating on the go is a necessary part of life in some cases, but that doesn’t mean that your car needs to suffer from it.

If your car is starting to show a bit of wear and tear or some upholstery staining from eating on the run, we can help.

Nottingham car upholstery cleaning is available to you 7 days a week from the folks at Brenton Carpet Care in Nottingham. Brenton carpet care offers quality cleaning, rapid stain removal and competitive pricing. Call today and find out what else Brenton Carpet Cleaning has to offer you.

Seattle’s Best Professional Dog Groomer

dog groomerSeattle is a filled with people that love their pets. Dogs are much loved and there are a lot of them! The population of dogs to children, in Seattle, is roughly 140,000 to 93,000. There are more dogs than children! With that being said, the need for canine care is booming in the Seattle area. Dogs in Seattle are considered an elite member of each household. They are the children of the city. Dog groomers are in great demand and has some of the best. Posh grooming may be just around the corner from you! Hydrobaths, poodle cuts, massages, and more are offered at these amazing places! Most grooming salons also require their staff to know how to perform CPR on the pets they groom. They make your pet’s safety a number one priority.

There are also a number of full-service groomers that are mobile. If you don’t have the time to make it to the groomers after work, no problem! You can have them arrive by appointment! If you’re looking for eco-friendly grooming products then most places have that to offer as well. The groomers in Seattle offer serious star treatment for your pups. If you’ve got four paws then you’re considered royalty. These pet parlors know their stuff. There are also self-service dog wash companies available if you’d prefer to groom Fido yourself, but maybe don’t have the room to manage it. With over 300 groomers serving the Seattle and the surrounding area, you have a lot to choose from. Many of these grooming salons are also able to prep your dog for professional dog shows. If you’re looking for award-winning groomers then you will certainly find some of the best in Seattle. So, throw up a paw and take a look around at what this great city has to offer you and your canine companion. has a lot to offer and if we don’t have it, we’ll help you to find it.



Buffalo Limo Services

limosine-1450334Not all Buffalo limo services are created equal. While anyone can slide behind a wheel and take you to the breathtaking landmarks in the area like Niagara Falls, or Rochester, few will give you a sense of professionalism. That’s why it is important to choose a professional service who understands the importance of treating each of our customers with dignity and respect, while offering a truly luxurious ride.

We do this by training each of our chauffeurs to provide you with exceptional levels of customer service. They will then cater to your needs and ensure that you enjoy the full luxury experience when you use us. Each of the vehicles in our Buffalo limo services is also modern and features the latest technology to help ensure you have the ultimate experience.

Each vehicle is routinely inspected, cleaned, and ensured to be reliable on the road. We also fully license and insure the vehicle, so that you remain protected at all times when you ride with us. That means all you have to worry about is enjoying the time you are using our limo services.


Give Your Office a Fast & Affordable Facelift

carpet-169413-mWhether you work out of your home, rent your own office or share office space in a multi-use building, there comes a time when you know a facelift is in order. This may come when you first move into a new office, or it may come after you’ve been using your space for many months or years. You just know that you will make a better impression on your clients and guests while improving your mood throughout each workday if you spruce up the office a bit.

The first step to a successful facelift is to replace or refurnish the floor. You may go with refurnishing if you have wooden floors, and a good deep cleaning may be needed for carpeting. Another option is to cover up your flawed floors with carpet tiles. These tiles are easy to install and look fashionable, and you can select from a variety of colors and patterns.

Once you select flooring colors and designs that give your office a professional, fresh vibe, you can change the window treatment, wall decor and other elements of the room. Working your way up from the floor allows you to create a color scheme or style that blends all elements of the room together. Everyone who walks into your office will notice the floor they are walking on, so that is always a good focal point to get your room’s facelift started.

If your walls haven’t received a fresh coat of paint in many years, it’s probably time to do that as well. You may want to paint before your new flooring is in place. In many cases, you can go with bright white walls because they look nice with any color or style of flooring. You will also cover most of the walls up with your room decor, cork boards and other items as well.

As a final touch, consider the amount of light in your office. If you don’t get a lot of natural light from the windows, add a good lamp or ceiling light fixture. You need light to stay awake and energized as you work at any hour of the day or night.